Winter Sports Safety Tips-Have Fun, Stay Injury-Free

Skiing, hockey and sledding, oh my! We are lucky to live in Colorado…the Rocky Mountain winters allow us to enjoy outdoor activities including

Winter recreational activities provide all of us – adults and children – with a ton of fun, but along ice skating, snowboarding, snow tubing, snowmobiling and many other snow sports.

Here are some quick  winter sports tips to help ensure keep everyone safe as you and your children head outdoors. *with that comes a lot of risk for injuries. It’s early in the season, but we are already starting to see a lot of winter sports-related injuries in our sports medicine clinics.

Sledding and Snow Tubing

  • Finding a good hill. Choose one that has a clear path without obstacles in the way. Make sure that the hill does not end on a street, road, parking lot or any bodies of water such as a pond or river.
  • Never slide down hill headfirst. Sit up facing forward to steer. Risks of head and back injuries are greater by lying down on the sled.
  • Clear the bottom of the hill. Make sure that no one is at the bottom of the hill before allowing another sled to go down the slope.
  • Do not use materials that can be pierced by objects in the ground as sleds. Examples include rubber or plastic sheets.
  • Use a sled with runners and a steering mechanism. Toboggans and snow disks are not as safe.


  • Any child under 6 years of age should not be allowed to ride on a snowmobile, regardless if an adult is present.
  • Children under 16 years of age should not be permitted to operate the snowmobile.
  • A bike helmet is not appropriate! Do wear certified helmets designed specifically for high speed motor sports.

Ice Skating / Pond Skating

Choose skating rinks over pond skating.

If you do choose pond skating, here are some recommendations:

  • Call local authorities to ask which areas have been approved and to ask permission to skate on a pond or lake.
  • Make sure that the weather has been cold enough for at least one week before skating on a pond or lake.
  • Skates need to be sharpened properly before skating on pond or lake ice.

Skiing and Snowboarding

  • If your child has never skied or snowboarded, enroll them in lessons.
  • Warm up the muscles that will be used in skiing and snowboarding with exercise activities to help prevent injuries. Take the time to stretch after the warm up as well.
  • Use proper ski and snowboard equipment such as well fitted boots and adjusted bindings. Ask a certified technician to help with the fittings.
  • Stick to trails within your child’s skill level.
  • Pay attention to signs on the trail. Obey trail closure and do not go off trail.

General safety for any winter activity

  • Always wear a helmet and make sure they are properly fitted!
  • Helmet safety is of utmost importance to help prevent head injuries.
  • Different activities require different types of helmet so choose appropriately and make sure they are certified to meet federal safety standards.
Activity Type of Helmet
Skiing and Snowboarding Ski helmet
Sledding, Snow Tubing Ski helmet or Bicycle helmet
Ice Skating Bicycle helmet, Multi-sport helmet
Snowmobiling Snowmobile helmet
  • An adult should always be present to supervise
  • Dress for the winter- wear warm fitting clothes, dress in layers and stay dry.
  • Stay hydrated. Have them drink fluid before, during and after their activities.
  • Don’t forget sunscreen!  Even on overcast days, especially up in the mountains, the sun rays can be harmful.

*Some of these guidelines are adapted from the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) position statement on winter sports safety.

Written by: Quynh Hoang, MD, FAAP, CAQSM, Pediatric Primary Care Sports Medicine Assistant Professor, Department of Orthopedics, Children’s Hospital Colorado.

Lightning Safety Tips for Outdoor Sports

Thunderstorm Safety at Outdoor Sporting Events

Thunder is that sound in the sky that is all too familiar. While spring is here and summer is approaching, it is necessary to ask yourself: Do I know how to protect myself from that pesky lightning? More than 400 people are struck by lightning each year. The good news is that most occurrences can be avoided with a few simple precautions.

Lightning awareness

Lightning awareness should be heightened at the first flash of lightning or clap of thunder, no matter how far away. Seeking a safe structure or location at the first sign of lightning or thunder activity is highly recommended. The existence of blue sky and the absence of rain are not protected from lightning. It does not have to be raining for lightning to strike. 


The flash-to-bang method is the easiest and most convenient way to estimate how far lightning is occurring. Thunder always accompanies lightning, even though its audible range can be diminished due to background noise in the immediate environment, and its distance from the observer. To use the flash-to-bang method, count in seconds from the time the lightning is sighted to when the clap of thunder is heard. Divide this number by five to obtain how far away (in miles) the lightning is occurring. For example, if an individual counts 15 seconds between seeing the flash and hearing the bang, 15 divided by five equals three; therefore, the lightning is approximately three miles away.

Athletic events

Lightning safety experts suggest that if you hear thunder, begin preparation for evacuation, and if you see lightning, consider suspending activities and heading for your designated safe locations. As a minimum, by the time the flash to bang is 30 seconds, all individuals should have left the athletic site and reached a safe location.

Prior to any practice or event, the person in charge should check the weather for that area. Be aware of whether or not the National Weather Service (NWS) has issued a thunderstorm “watch” or “warning,” and the signs of developing thunderstorms in the area, such as high winds or darkening skies. A “watch” means conditions are favorable for severe weather to develop in an area; a “warning” means severe weather has been reported in the area and for everyone to take proper precautions.

Also, a specific, safe location from lightning should be identified. A designated adult should be established as the weather watcher and look for signs of threatening weather.

Criteria for a safe return to the practice/game area

Personnel should not return to the practice/game area until at least 30 minutes have passed since the last lightning flash or sound of thunder. Each time lightning is observed and/or thunder is heard, the “30-minute clock” is to be reset.

Safe structures/locations

Safe locations are fully enclosed, substantial buildings. Avoid using the shower or plumbing facilities and contact with electrical appliances during a thunderstorm. If a substantial building is not available, a vehicle with a metal roof and closed windows is a reasonable alternative.

Unsafe locations

  • Small covered shelters
  • Dugouts
  • Rain shelters, golf shelters and picnic shelters
  • Locations connected to or near light poles
  • Towers
  • Fences

ALWAYS avoid being at the highest point in the area.

What to do if you are caught in a thunderstorm while hiking/camping

If you are far from a safe structure or vehicle, find the lowest point and move there quickly. Avoid open fields, the top of a hill or a ridgetop. Stay away from tall, isolated trees or other high objects. If you are in a forest, stay near a lower stand of trees. Make sure the place you pick is not subject to flooding and no water is running through it. On open ground, squat low on something dry (non-metal), keep your feet close together, and make yourself the smallest possible object with the least contact with the ground. Do not lie down!

If a person is struck by lightning, perform prompt cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and activate the local emergency management system.

Other resources:

For further information on lightning safety precautions, please reference NWS for the Colorado Lightning Resource and Lightening Safety pages.

Written by: Gregg Brueck, M.S., ATC, Athletic Trainer, Real Colorado Soccer Club, Children’s Hospital Colorado. To find out more about general safety tips, read our archived injury prevention posts, or schedule an appointment at 720-777-6600. We are happy to consult with parents or referring providers before a patient is seen at Children’s Colorado.