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Glaucoma is damage to the optic nerve in the eye, which causes blind spots or vision loss. The optic nerve sends images from the eye to the brain through electrical impulses. When those nerves are damaged, the images don’t reach the brain.
Damage to the optic nerve is caused by extra pressure in the eye. The pressure is caused by fluid (called fluid aqueous humor) that builds up and cannot drain through the drainage angle.
Glaucoma symptoms can occur in one or both eyes. Symptoms of glaucoma include:
If your child’s eye pressure increases quickly, he or she may experience discomfort and you may notice a loss of appetite, fussiness and/or irritability.
Almost all babies with pediatric glaucoma are diagnosed by the time he or she is 1 year old.
At Children’s Colorado, we diagnose glaucoma after an eye exam that includes:
Once the exam is complete, we develop a treatment plan unique to your child.
The goal of glaucoma treatment is to preserve and optimize the vision and sight in the affected eyes. Your ophthalmologist will provide you with the best treatment option for your child, which may include one of the following:
Glaucoma can be treated with eye drops. The goal of eye drops is to lower the pressure in the eye either by reducing the amount of fluid that is produced or by improving fluid drainage.
The goal of surgery is to create an opening for fluid to drain from the eye. This can be accomplished with conventional surgery in an operating room or with laser surgery.
Ophthalmologists use microsurgical instruments to create a new opening for the fluid to drain from the eye.
There are three types of laser surgery:
Children’s Colorado has 100% pediatric-trained specialists and equipment designed just for kids. From the clinic to the patient rooms, our hospital was built and designed to be the most healing environment for children and their families.
At Children’s Colorado’s Department of Ophthalmology, you have access to an entire team of eye experts. Our ophthalmologists are specially trained to diagnose and treat a wide range of eye disorders in kids.