Tear Duct - Blocked
Urgent or Emergency Care?
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- Blocked tube that normally carries tears from the eye to the nose
- It's blocked in 10% of newborns
- Use this guide only if a doctor has told you it's a blocked tear duct
Symptoms of a Blocked Tear Duct
- A constant watery eye
- Tears fill the eye and run down the face. This happens even when not crying.
- The eye is not red and the eyelid is not swollen.
- Both sides are blocked in 30% of these children.
Cause of a Blocked Tear Duct
- Caused by blockage of the lacrimal duct. This duct carries tears from the corner of the eye to the nose.
- A watery eye may not be noticed until 1 or 2 months old. Reason: that's when the eye starts making more tears.
Call Doctor or Seek Care Now
- Eyelid is very red or very swollen
- Clear part in the middle of the eye (cornea) is cloudy
- Your child looks or acts very sick
- You think your child needs to be seen, and the problem is urgent
Call Doctor Within 24 Hours
- Red lump at inner corner of eyelid
- Eyelid is red or swollen
- Pus in the eye
- You think your child needs to be seen, but the problem is not urgent
Call Doctor During Office Hours
- Diagnosis has never been made by a doctor
- Age more than 12 months old
- You have other questions or concerns
Self Care at Home
Care Advice for Blocked Tear Duct
- What You Should Know About Blocked Tear Ducts:
- A blocked tear duct is common. It happens in 10% of newborns.
- Both sides are blocked 30% of the time.
- A blocked tear duct does not need treatment unless it becomes infected.
- Here is some care advice that should help.
- Antibiotic Eyedrops for Pus in the Eye:
- Pus in the eye or eyelids stuck together means the eye is infected.
- This is common with blocked tear ducts. It should clear up in a few days with antibiotic eyedrops.
- For pus in the eye, call your child's doctor for a prescription.
- In the meantime, here is some advice that should help.
- Remove Pus:
- Remove the dried and liquid pus from the eyelids with warm water and wet cotton balls.
- Do this each time you see pus.
- Also, clean the eyes before you use the prescription eyedrops. The eyedrops will not work unless the pus is removed first.
- Massage of Lacrimal Sac - Do it Carefully:
- Some doctors suggest massage of the lacrimal sac (where tears collect). Other doctors do not. Massage is not required. The tear duct will open without any massage. If massage is advised, do it this way:
- The lacrimal sac is in the inner corner of the lower eyelid. This sac can be massaged to empty it of old fluids.
- A cotton swab works much better than a finger. Reason: The swab is smaller.
- Start at the inner corner of the eye and press upward. Be very gentle. Do this twice a day.
- Fluid and mucus should come out of the lacrimal sac.
- What to Expect:
- Over 90% of tear ducts open up on their own.
- This should happen by the time the child is 12 months of age.
- If your child is over 12 months old, talk to your child's doctor. Your child may need to see an eye doctor.
- Call Your Doctor If:
- Eye looks infected
- Eyelid becomes red or swollen
- You think your child needs to be seen
- Your child becomes worse
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Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare provider before starting any new treatment or discontinuing an existing treatment. Talk with your healthcare provider about any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Nothing contained in these topics is intended to be used for medical diagnosis or treatment.
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- Your child could have an underlying medical problem that requires a physician to detect.
- If your child is taking medications, they could influence how he experiences various symptoms.
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