Bullying is any unwanted, aggressive behavior that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. There is a substantial range in the intensity and impact of bullying, from mild taunting to overt physical violence.
The three most common types of bullying are:
- Verbal — teasing, name-calling, inappropriate comments or threats of violence
- Social or relational — excluding someone on purpose, telling other children not to be friends with someone, spreading rumors or embarrassing someone in public
- Physical — hitting, kicking, pinching, spitting, tripping or pushing
Bullying can happen during or after school as well as online. Cyberbullying can be messages posted anonymously and sent quickly to many people.
- Once these messages have been sent, deleting any comments or pictures from the Internet is incredibly difficult, so discuss these dangers with your child as he or she becomes more technologically savvy.
- Monitor your child's online interactions frequently and set limits on the amount of time he or she spends engaging in social media.
- Encourage more face-to-face peer interactions.